Type: International Student Competition, AIAA
Collaboration: Space is More, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Pennsylvania State University, Lund University, AGH University
Team: Davide Conte, Dorota Budzyń, Aleksander Gorgolewski, Anna Jurga, Agata Mintus, Joanna Kuźma, Jakub Kielar, Leszek Orzechowski, Monika Lipińska, Aleksander Tuzik, Jan Popowski, Tomasz Wasilewski, Bartosz Wąsik, Gordon Wasilewski
The project was part of the paper proposing architecture, system and technology for establishing base on one of the Mars moons – Phobos. Such a base could be used as a “gateway to Mars” easing the entry, descent and landing processes for large payloads. The paper discussed the multiple interplanetary transfers from Earth to Mars needed to deploy and construct Phobos Base, which represents the first step in establishing a crewed infrastructure for exploration, transportation, and logistical support in cis-martian space. The project includes details regarding the approach and landing procedures needed upon arrival onto the Martian moon, and the role of robotics during the beginning of the assembly process, and the human-robot interaction for further base expansion once the first crew arrives.
Equal importance is given to the concept of operations needed to deploy and construct the base as well as the architecture of the base itself, such as the schematic site plan of the base including the locations of airlocks, connections, nodes and structural utility routing as well as rendered drawings of the base. Regenerative environmental control and life support systems (RECLSS), in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), and plans for resupply missions from Earth are key components of the base design and are necessary to make the interplanetary outpost feasible, reusable, and sustainable. Two of the most important aspects of Phobos Base are crew safety, by ensuring that enough radiation shielding is provided by both the base and infrastructure created with the use of the moon’s material and that microgravity countermeasures are considered, and planetary protection, by ensuring that infrastructures to avoid contamination are included in the design. Phobos Base represents a permanently crewed interplanetary infrastructure capable of sustaining exploration of cis-martian space and supporting future mission to the surface of red planet and beyond.