(2nd place) Twardowsky – Mars Colony Prize

(2nd place) Twardowsky – Mars Colony Prize

Twardowsky – Mars Colony

Year: 2019

Type: International Competition, Mars Society

Collaboration: Space is More, Projekt Scorpio, KNS MOS, LabDigiFab, Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Team: Amanda Solaniuk, Anna Wójcik, Joanna Kuźma, Natalia Ćwilichowska, Katarzyna Lis, Sławek Malkowski, Dariusz Szczotkowski, Szymon Loj, Orest Savystskyi, Dominik Liśkiewicz, Wojciech Fikus, Jakub Nalewaj, nna Jurga, Leszek Orzechowski, Bartosz Drozd, Paweł Górniak, Krzysztof Ratajczak, Paweł Piszko, Maciej Piorun

Final presentatnion: 


Link to Final Report: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1f–i2Y717f3iZsw0f0teMCnTMFONLloz

Book Publication: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B082LWPF18/ref=rdr_kindle_ext_tmb


Twardowsky base concept was created for the competition, organized by The Mars Society – Mars Colony Prize. The aim of the competition was to designing a colony on a red planet, that would have a high degree of autonomy, and be able to accommodate 1,000 people. The assessment criteria included: engineering concept, architecture, aesthetics, innovation, degree of self-sufficiency, economy, law and sociology. Our interdisciplinary team brought together specialists in each of the fields, mentioned above. The effect of our almost one year’s work is the Twardowsky base.

Twardowsky is located in the Jezero crater, on the northern slope of one of the hills. This place provides radiation protection, on the other hand, by choosing a shaded place, our base can be open to the Mars landscape. Residential part is situated on the surface, along with common space and plant cultivation to provide residents with access to daylight, while the production part is located underground

Natural light inside the base is provided a system of mirrors, located on the opposite site to the base. Our architects have created an algorithm to move the mirrors, so that a maximum of 5% of their surface is covered by each other during the day.

An extensive literature study of the availability of raw materials gave us a lot of information about what kind of components we can use for construction, as well as for the production of daily-use things, to minimize transport of these goods from Earth. The lithium-thor reactor will provide the energy, needed to heat the base and generate electricity. Life support systems assume aquaponic cultures of crops to ensure a maximally balanced diet. The systems are designed to maximize the use of each waste product for utility purposes.

The society is divided according to its specialization, creating guilds. Key decisions regarding a given area of ​​activity are taken by all residents, but the guild that specializes in a given area has the final word.

The project involved financing the base by the G8 countries. The base economy would be based mainly on data transfer, technology, tourism and the sale of luxury goods to Earth.

(1st place) Phobos Base

(1st place) Phobos Base

Year: 2017

Type: International Student Competition, AIAA

Collaboration: Space is More, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Pennsylvania State University, Lund University, AGH University

Team: Davide Conte, Dorota Budzyń, Aleksander Gorgolewski, Anna Jurga, Agata Mintus, Joanna Kuźma, Jakub Kielar, Leszek Orzechowski, Monika Lipińska, Aleksander Tuzik, Jan Popowski, Tomasz Wasilewski, Bartosz Wąsik, Gordon Wasilewski


Links: report Results of the AIAA 2017 Phobos Base Student Design Competition

The project was part of the paper proposing architecture, system and technology for establishing base on one of the Mars moons – Phobos. Such a base could be used as a “gateway to Mars” easing the entry, descent and landing processes for large payloads. The paper discussed the multiple interplanetary transfers from Earth to Mars needed to deploy and construct Phobos Base, which represents the first step in establishing a crewed infrastructure for exploration, transportation, and logistical support in cis-martian space. The project includes details regarding the approach and landing procedures needed upon arrival onto the Martian moon, and the role of robotics during the beginning of the assembly process, and the human-robot interaction for further base expansion once the first crew arrives. 

Equal importance is given to the concept of operations needed to deploy and construct the base as well as the architecture of the base itself, such as the schematic site plan of the base including the locations of airlocks, connections, nodes and structural utility routing as well as rendered drawings of the base. Regenerative environmental control and life support systems (RECLSS), in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), and plans for resupply missions from Earth are key components of the base design and are necessary to make the interplanetary outpost feasible, reusable, and sustainable. Two of the most important aspects of Phobos Base are crew safety, by ensuring that enough radiation shielding is provided by both the base and infrastructure created with the use of the moon’s material and that microgravity countermeasures are considered, and planetary protection, by ensuring that infrastructures to avoid contamination are included in the design. Phobos Base represents a permanently crewed interplanetary infrastructure capable of sustaining exploration of cis-martian space and supporting future mission to the surface of red planet and beyond.

(finalist) Artemis – Gemini Mars

(finalist) Artemis – Gemini Mars

Year: 2016

Type: Gemini Mars Student Design Competition

Collaboration: Space is More, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Pennsylvania State University, HiPro Mine

Team: Dorota Budzyń, Agata Mintus, Davide Conte, Aleksander Gorgolewski, Leszek Orzechowski, Jason Reiter, Szymon Gryś, Jan Popowski, Mateusz Jędrzejewski, Aleksander Tuzik, Olaf Kowalski, Bartosz Wąsik, Jakub Urbański

Topics: Fly by mission, design towards feasibility

The report presented the concept for a 700 day Mars and Deimos flyby mission for two humans. Both the design of the station as well as mission architecture were described in the paper. The important factors of the concept were designing for a cost-effective, safe and simple mission to fly in 2024. The mission and vehicle design were determined based on the Technology Readiness Level, a crew safety, yielding a highly feasible mission design. 

The Artemis mission provides a comfortable 34 cubic meters habitable volume for the two crew members. To minimize the costs only two modules, based on the existing MPLM module and Dragon capsule, were building the station. A highly efficient environmental control and life support system (ECLSS) allows for significant consumable mass savings. Furthermore science experiments carried aboard the spacecraft are focused on additional supplies renewal.

(1st place) ESA Moon Challenge – HECATE project

(1st place) ESA Moon Challenge – HECATE project

(1st place) ESA Moon Challenge – HECATE project

Year: 2015

Type: International Competition: ESA Moon Challenge

Collaboration: Space is More, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, University of Stratchclyde, The Pennsylvania State University, Universita La Spienza, University of Kyoto

Team: Marilena Di Carlo, Daniele Barbera, Davide Conte, Agata Mintus, Juan Manuel Romero Martin, Dorota Budzyń, Lorenzo Teofili, Szymon Gryś, Jonathan Jamieson, Craig Hay, Thomas Lund, Nauromi Ikeday, Renato Volpe, Douglas Fleming

Topics: Lunar mission, Tele-operation Space-gate for deep space missions

Links: Report, Article in Acta Futura

The project presents a complex design of the international space mission HECATE (Human Exploration of Cis-lunar space via Assets Tele-operated from EML-2), aming for exploration of the far side of the Moon in 2020s. The concept suggests exploration of the lunar surface via tele-robotic activities, controlled from a space habitat (HOPE) in a halo orbit around the Earth-Moon Lagrange Point 2. Inside the station, astronauts perform tele-robotic exploration, scientific experiments and sample return of the lunar surface as well as 3D printing experiments with space resources. HOPE could also be considered for reusing as a platform for future deep space exploration.

The station is composed of three modules: Brave, Companion and Tortuga. First two, create the initial space of 152m3, which after further launches from Earth is expanded by 330m3 of inflatable module from the private company Bigelow Aerospace, B330. Based on the approach towards readiness and feasibility, Brave module is designed in a cryogenic fuel tank developed by NASA and Boeing and provides basic habitable space. Companion is the service module equipped with the Environment and Control Life Support System (ECLSS), toilet unit, exercise machines and transit space allowing astronauts to access other modules. Tortuga module, compared to the others, provides a multifunctional open space for additional group activities, tele-operation, experiments and communication.

Brave Module

Companion Module

Tortuga Module

(finalist) Inspiration Mars

(finalist) Inspiration Mars

 Inspiration Mars

Year: 2014

Type: Student Competition – Inspiration Mars Foundation

Collaboration: Space is More, Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Team: Dorota Budzyń, Leszek Orzechowski, Aleksander Tuzik, Konrad Cyprych, Radek Groński, Szymon Gryś, Aleksander Gorgolewski, Olaf Kowalewski