TWARDOWSKY – MARS COLONY
Type: International Competition, Mars Society
Collaboration: Space is More, Projekt Scorpio, KNS MOS, LabDigiFab, Wrocław University of Science and Technology
Team: Amanda Solaniuk, Anna Wójcik, Joanna Kuźma, Natalia Ćwilichowska, Katarzyna Lis, Sławek Malkowski, Dariusz Szczotkowski, Szymon Loj, Orest Savystskyi, Dominik Liśkiewicz, Wojciech Fikus, Jakub Nalewaj, nna Jurga, Leszek Orzechowski, Bartosz Drozd, Paweł Górniak, Krzysztof Ratajczak, Paweł Piszko, Maciej Piorun
Twardowsky base concept was created for the competition, organized by The Mars Society – Mars Colony Prize. The aim of the competition was to designing a colony on a red planet, that would have a high degree of autonomy, and be able to accommodate 1,000 people. The assessment criteria included: engineering concept, architecture, aesthetics, innovation, degree of self-sufficiency, economy, law and sociology. Our interdisciplinary team brought together specialists in each of the fields, mentioned above. The effect of our almost one year’s work is the Twardowsky base.
Twardowsky is located in the Jezero crater, on the northern slope of one of the hills. This place provides radiation protection, on the other hand, by choosing a shaded place, our base can be open to the Mars landscape. Residential part is situated on the surface, along with common space and plant cultivation to provide residents with access to daylight, while the production part is located underground
Natural light inside the base is provided a system of mirrors, located on the opposite site to the base. Our architects have created an algorithm to move the mirrors, so that a maximum of 5% of their surface is covered by each other during the day.
An extensive literature study of the availability of raw materials gave us a lot of information about what kind of components we can use for construction, as well as for the production of daily-use things, to minimize transport of these goods from Earth. The lithium-thor reactor will provide the energy, needed to heat the base and generate electricity. Life support systems assume aquaponic cultures of crops to ensure a maximally balanced diet. The systems are designed to maximize the use of each waste product for utility purposes.
The society is divided according to its specialization, creating guilds. Key decisions regarding a given area of activity are taken by all residents, but the guild that specializes in a given area has the final word.
The project involved financing the base by the G8 countries. The base economy would be based mainly on data transfer, technology, tourism and the sale of luxury goods to Earth.